TOP 20 Internal Command in DOS with Syntax and Examples

By | December 10, 2021

Hey! Do you want to know the top 20 Internal Command in DOS with Syntax and Examples then should read this article-

Internal Command in DOS

What is Internal DOS Commands?

Internal DOS Commands are those commands that are loaded automatically in the memory when the DOS is loaded on the Memory during the booting process. These commands are easier to use and do not require any external files for their storage.

The Intern DOS commands are used for common jobs such as copying, erasing, and remaining files. Some Common Internal DOS are CLS, Ver, COPY, Volume, Date, Time, Tree, MD, CD, RD, Copy, Del, Ren, Move, Path, Label, Promot, etc.

DOS Internal Commands with Syntax and Examples

  1. MD COMMAND (Make Directory)

MD command is used to create a new directory or subdirectory in the Disk.

Syntax

C:\>md (direcoty name)

Example-

c:\> md ram

2. CLS COMMAND (Clear)

CLS is one of the internal DOS commands that is used to clear the DOS screen. If you can clear whatever command you ran on the screen through the CLS command.

Synatx-

C:\>cls

3. CD COMMAND (Change Directory)

CD is internal dos command used to change the directory (to insider or come out). If you want to go from one directory to another, then you can go with the CD command.

Synatx-

C:\>cd (Directory name)

Example-

C:\cd sonu

4. COPY CON COMMAND

COPY CON command is used to basically create a file. The only disadvantage of the command is that the created by COPY CON command cannot be modified.

Syntax-

C:\copy con (file name with extension)

Example-

C:\copy con krishna.txt

5. COPY COMMAND

The COPY command is used to copy the file and move the file to another location or folder or drive.

Syntax-

C: \> Copy <File Name> <New Name>

C: \> Copy <Path File Name> <Target Drive>

Example-

C:> Copy C:\ABC*.* D:\sonu and, Press enter.

6. DATE COMMAND

The Date command is used to view the system’s current date. if you want to modify the date then you can easily do it from the date command.

Syntax-

C: \> date

Example

C:>date
The current date is: 10/12/2021
Enter the new date: (dd-mm-yy) 09/12/2021

7. TIME COMMAND

The time command is used to view the system’s current date. if you want to modify the date then you can easily do it from the time command.

Syntax-

C: \>time

Example-

C:>time
The current time is: 23:23:27.63
Enter the new time: 23:25:50.43

8. DEL COMMAND

A DEL command is used to remove a file from the disk. To delete any files or directory from any drive you would define the path and folder.

SYNTAX-

C:\> Del (file name) delete only one file.

C:\>ABC Del *.* delte all files from ABC folder.

9. RD or RMDIR

RD or RMDIR command is used to remove a particular directory or subdirectory from the disk. Only an empty directory or subdirectory can remove.

Syntax-

C: \> RD <DIR name>

Example-

C: \> RD <Modi>

10.  PROMPT COMMAND

A Promot command is used to change the MS-DOS command the user can on/off the prompt by using this command.

Syntax-

C: \> prompt_name

Example-

C: \> prompt_games

11. REN COMMAND

A REN command is basically used to change the name of an existing file or folder. If you want to change any folder name by the REN command you can easily change the folder name. Syntax and example are as below-

Syntax-

C: \> REN <Old File Name> <New File Name>

Example-

C: > REN sonu.txt monu.txt

12. TYPE COMMAND

Type command is an internal command used to view the content of any file. If you want to see what is saved in that file then you can see by type command.

Syntax-

C:\ > TYPE <DIR name>

EXAMPLE-

C: > RD rawatji.txt

13. VER COMMAND

If you want to see your Windows Operating system then you can see the version information by the VER command. Follow the syntax and example are below-

Syntax-

C:>ver

Microsoft Windows [Version 10.0.19043.1348]

14. MOVE COMMAND

The move is an internal command used to change the name of any directory. Follow the syntax and example are below-

Syntax-

C:/> move old dir(name) new dir (name) 

C:/> move sonu monu

15. COLOR COMMAND

The COLOR command is used to change the default color of the background. IF you want to change the default background color of the DOS or Windows command line, from the use of color command you can easily change.

The color attributes are as follow-

0- Black8- Gray
1- Blue9- Light Blue
2-GreenA- Light Green
3-AquaB- Light Aqua
4- RedC- Light Red
5- PurpleD- Light Purple
6- YellowE- Light Yellow
7- WhiteF- Bright White

Syntax-

color (attribute)

Example-

C:\Users\Woodland>color ab

16. REM COMMAND

A REM command is used to insert remarks into a batch file. REM command is mainly used inside the autoexce.bat, config. sys, etc.

Syntax-

C:\> Rem (Command Name)

Example-

C:\> Rem software.bat

17. MOVE COMMAND

If you want to change any directory name, via the MOVE command you can change the name of a directory. Follow the syntax and example are below-

Synatx

C:/> move (old dir name) (new dir name)

Example-

C:/> move prakahs pankaj

18. ECHO COMMAND

If you want to repeat typed text back to the screen and can send a text to a peripheral on the computer, via the ECHO command you can do it. Follow the syntax and example are below-

Syntax-

ECHO [ON | OFF]
ECHO [message]

Example-

echo happy birthday dear shanvi >> shanvi.txt

19. PAUSE COMMAND

A PAUSE command is used to stop currently running the batch files. The syntax and example of the PAUSE command is as below-

Syntax

PAUSE

20. START COMMAND

A START command is used to enable a user to open a separate window from the Windows command line.

Syntax-

START [“title”] [/D path] [/I] [/MIN] [/MAX] [/SEPARATE | /SHARED]
[/LOW | /NORMAL | /HIGH | /REALTIME | /ABOVENORMAL | /BELOWNORMAL]
[/NODE ] [/AFFINITY ] [/WAIT] [/B]
[command/program] [parameters]

EXAMPLE-

start notepad mukesh.txt

Related-

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So, This is all about the “Internal Command in DOS .

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